The National Population and Family Development Board was established through The Family Planning Act, No. 42, 1966 under the name National Family Planning Board. As a statutory body under the Prime Minister’s Department. Its objective was to help reduce the population growth rate from 3% in 1966 to 2% by 1985, through the implementation of a National Family Planning Programme.
In 1984, the Act was revised to be in line with the widening scope of programmes and activities and NPFDB was renamed the National Population and Family Development Board (NPFDB)
In October 1990, the NPFDB was moved from the Prime Minister’s Department to the Ministry of National Unity and Social Development.